Moscow & St. Petersburg
|The Moskva River.|
Moscow is the political, cultural and business centre of Russia. Russian President, government and Parliament (which is called Duma) sit in Moscow. Moscow is a major economic centre and is home to one of the largest numbers of billionaires in the world. It is an impressive city in many ways. It is never sleeping vibrant city with a great number of historic and cultural sights, scientific and educational institutions, sport and recreation facilities, originally designed trade and office centers prestigious boutiques, exclusive nightclubs, numerous cafes and first-class restaurants with cuisine from all over the world. The Russian capital is world-renowned for its diverse architecture. Without doubt, the most famous spot is the Red Square, where the Kremlin is located.
The square is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. Of course, the city has many more squares, streets, museums and other sites that are worth visiting.
|Pokrovsky Sobor (St Basil’s Cathedral).|
The city is still the center of Russian Orthodox Christianity. The Patriarch of Moscow, whose residence is the Danilov Monastery, serves as the head of the Russian Orthodox Church.
|The Moscow Kremlin in the winter.|
ClimateThe continental climate of Moscow can be quite clearly described as two seasons, summer and winter. Moscow's summer weather is surprisingly mild and appealing, while in the bitterly cold winter months, be prepared to bring plenty of warm clothes and hats. Autumn is quite cloudy and windy, with picturesque fall of the multicolored leaves on October and drizzling rain in November. The snowy winter weather in Moscow results in beautiful scenery, which can be quite simply breathtaking and offers many spectacular photo opportunities. Average temperature in winter is about -12C, average temperature in summer +22 C.
Moscow time is GMT+4.
TransportationMoscow is the main entry gateway of Russia. It possesses a complex transport system, that includes 3 international airports, 9 railroad terminals, and the world's second busiest (after Tokyo) metro system.
The common way of getting in to Moscow is air flight to Sheremetyevo or Domodedovo, sometimes to Vnukovo airports. They are the main points of arrival to Russia, serving about 75% of all tourists arriving in the country. Train express will take from any of these airports to the center of the city in about 30–40 minutes.
|Most beautiful subway interior 1952 year.|
Moscow operates a strong system of a public transportation, including metro, trams, trolley-buses, buses and shuttle mini-buses. The traffic is rather hard, especially in the morning and in the evening. As the traffic situation leaves much to be desired, the easiest way to get from A to B is to use one of the 180 stations of Moscow metro. The first metro line was put into operation in 1935 and today Moscow metro is one of the most extensive underground railways in the world , with its 12 lines spreading for nearly 300 km. The Moscow Metro is not only a convenient public transport but also a phenomenal artistic decoration, awarded with Grand Prix at international exhibitions in Brussels and Paris. Stations were built as underground palaces, with sculptural compositions, marble columns, fanciful ornamental design, mosaic pictures and ceramics under the vaults.
This is a city of the great Russian writers Alexander Pushkin, Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Joseph Brodsky, composers Sergey Rachmaninoff, Sergey Prokofiev and Dmitry Shostakovich, home of world famous Mariinsky Theatre ballet troupe. The historical center of the city and related group of monuments were included in UNESCO World Heritage List. Saint-Petersburg is also called the City of White Nights due to the nature phenomenon of bright nights in the beginning of summer, when the sun practically never sets down and the twilight merges with the dawn, allowing people to enjoy the romantic walks across the picturesque city. Various festivals and celebrations happened during these sleepless White Nights.
|Church of Our Savior on Spilled Blood.|
The city changed its name three times. It was renamed into Petrograd in 1914 when the anti-German sentiments increased after the beginning of the First World War. In 1924 the name of the city was changed to Leningrad to commemorate the leader of the Bolshevik revolution Vladimir Lenin. After the Soviet Union has collapsed in 1991, the city of Leningrad got its initial name — Saint-Petersburg.
ClimateSaint-Petersburg lies in the temperate continental climatic zone with distinct moderating influence of the Baltic sea. Weather conditions are quite variable all year round, most days of the year are cloudy and gloomy. Weather is characterized with warm, humid and short summers (average daily temperature in July 22°C) and long, cold winters (the record low temperature is -35.9 C). The River Neva within the city limits usually freezes up in November-December, break-up occurs in April. The frost-free period in the city lasts on average for about 135 days. The city has a climate slightly warmer than its suburbs. The local time is the same as in Moscow (GMT +4).
|St. Petersburg at night.|
Ferry lines connect Saint-Petersburg with Sweden, Finland, Norway, Estonia. Bus terminal connects Saint-Petersburg with Helsinki, Tallinn and Riga.
Saint Petersburg metro is a very reliable way of transportation within the city as heavy traffic jams are common feature, especially in the downtown area. Metro was opened in 1955, now it has five lines with 63 stations, connecting all railway terminals, and carrying 3.4 million passengers daily. The stations are decorated in marble and bronze, however they are not as beautiful as Moscow ones.